Mining and Communities in Northern Canada

History, Politics, and Memory


Mining and Communities in Northern Canada

For indigenous communities throughout the globe, mining has been a historical forerunner of colonialism, introducing new, and often disruptive, settlement patterns and economic arrangements. Although indigenous communities may benefit from and adapt to the wage labour and training opportunities provided by new mining operations, they are also often left to navigate the complicated process of remediating the long-term ecological changes associated with industrial mining. In this regard, the mining often inscribes colonialism as a broad set of physical and ecological changes to indigenous lands.

Mining and Communities in Northern Canada examines historical and contemporary social, economic, and environmental impacts of mining on Aboriginal communities in northern Canada. Combining oral history research with intensive archival study, this work juxtaposes the perspectives of government and industry with the perspectives of local communities. The oral history and ethnographic material provides an extremely significant record of local Aboriginal perspectives on histories of mining and development in their regions.

With contributions by:
Patricia Boulter
Jean-Sébastien Boutet
Emilie Cameron
Sarah Gordon
Heather Green
Jane Hammond
Joella Hogan
Arn Keeling
Tyler Levitan
Hereward Longley
Scott Midgley
Kevin O'Reilly
Andrea Procter
John Sandlos
Alexandra Winton

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Front Cover 1
Half title page 2
Canadian History and Environment Series page 3
Full title page 4
Copyright page 5
Table of Contents 6
Acknowledgments 10
Glossary of Key Mining Terms 12
Introduction: The Complex Legacyof Mining in Northern Canada 16
SECTION I: Mining and Memory 48
1| From Igloo to Mine Shaft: Inuit Labour and Memory atthe Rankin Inlet Nickel Mine 50
2| Narratives Unearthed, or, How an Abandoned Mine Doesn’t Really Abandon You 74
3| “It’s Just Natural”: First Nation Family Historyand the Keno Hill Silver Mine 102
4| Gender, Labour, and Communityin a Remote Mining Town 132
5| “A Mix of the Good and the Bad”: Community Memory and the Pine Point Mine 152
SECTION II: History, Politics, and Mining Policy 182
6| The Revival of Québec’s Iron Ore Industry: Perspectives on Mining, Development, and History 184
7| Indigenous Battles for Environmental Protection and Economic Benefits during the Commercialization of the Alberta Oil Sands, 1967–1986 222
8| Uranium, Inuit Rights,and Emergent Neoliberalismin Labrador, 1956–2012 248
9| Privatizing Consent?Impact and Benefit Agreementsand the Neoliberalization of Mineral Development in the Canadian North 274
SECTION III: Navigating Mine Closure 306
10| Contesting Closure: Science, Politics, and Community Responses to Closing the Nanisivik Mine, Nunavut 308
11| “There Is No Memory of It Here”: Closure and Memory of the Polaris Mine in Resolute Bay, 1973–2012 330
12| Liability, Legacy, and Perpetual Care: Government Ownership and Management of the Giant Mine, 1999–2015 356
Conclusion 392
Notes on Contributors 398
Bibliography 402
Index 440
Back Cover 458